On this day, May 15, 1919, Greece invaded Smyrna. During the invasion, the Greek army killed approximately 350 Turks. Those responsible for the killings are punished by the Greek commander, Aristides Stergiades.
The occupation of Smyrna came to an end when the Turkish army of Kemal Atatürk entered the city on September 9, 1922, at the end of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922). Four days after the Turks regained control of the city, The Great Fire of Smyrna resulted in the massacre of the Greek and Armenian populations. The death toll is estimated to range from 10,000 to 100,000.