Would that it didn't have to be, but at least on this day, October 1, 1946, the Nazi leaders were finally sentenced at the Nuremburg Trials. Most were sentenced to death by hanging with the significant exception of Albert Speer.
The tribunal was given the task of trying 23 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich, though one of the defendants, Martin Bormann, was tried in absentia, while another, Robert Ley, committed suicide within a week of the trial's commencement. (Not included were Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels, all of whom had committed suicide in the spring of 1945, well before the indictment was signed.)
The first, and best known of these trials, described as "the greatest trial in history" by Norman Birkett, one of the British judges who presided over it, was the trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT). It is considered to be a major step in the formulation of modern international law and the establishment of the ICTY, ICTR, the ICC and the ad hoc courts for Cambodia and Sierra Leone.
HOMELESS GIVEN ASYLUM IN GARDEN COMPLEX AT FORMER DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP
Mayor Florian Hartmann: “The buildings with their historical burden can be used for a socially meaningful purpose.”
Here is the full article by the Tablet's Hannah Vaitsblit:
Buildings that were part of an herb garden at the former Dachau concentration camp are now home to 50 homeless people seeking refuge in Germany, reported the AFP on Tuesday. The herb garden is not part of the concentration camp memorial. In a statement, Florian Hartmann, the mayor of Dachau, which is reportedly going through a housing shortage, acknowledged the historical irony of re-purposing the buildings as a homeless shelter, but stressed the need to assist “the weakest members of society” by allowing the buildings to assume a “useful social role.” In an email to The Guardian, Hartmann wrote:
The buildings in the herb garden are used to house people who can’t afford a flat at market rates. They’re the more vulnerable members of our society. In that way, the buildings with their historical burden can be used for a socially meaningful purpose.
According to the International Business Times, “the German government has said it expects 800,000 people to seek asylum in Germany this year, as Europe struggles to cope with a huge influx of people fleeing war and poverty in countries in the Middle East, Asia and Africa.” Hartmann, however, would not specify whether any of the persons given shelter at the former concentration camp are those fleeing from Syria or elsewhere.
On this day, May 11, 1960, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who is living under the alias of Ricardo Klement in Buenos Aires, Argentina. After his execution, his remains were cremated and the ashes scattered at sea.
Thomas E. Keefe
Assistant Professor of Humanities,