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On this day, Octover 17, 1861, nineteen people are killed in the Cullin-La-Ringo massacre, the deadliest massacre of Europeans by Aborigines in Australian history. The Cullin-la-ringo Massacre or Wills Tragedy occurred north of modern-day Springsure in Central Queensland and was a pivotal moment in the frontier wars in Queensland.
According to the account of one of the survivors, John Moore, Aborigines had been passing through the camp all day on 17 October 1861, building up numbers until there were at least 50. Then, without warning, they attacked, murdering all the men, women and children with nulla nullas. The settlers defended themselves with pistols and tent poles, but nineteen of the twenty-five defenders were killed.