On October 14, 1943 under the cover of night, members of the Sobibór underground, led by Polish-Jewish prisoner Leon Feldhendler (Lajbl) and Soviet-Jewish POW Alexander Pechersky from Minsk, covertly killed eleven German SS officers, overpowered the camp guards, and seized the armory. Although their plan was to kill all the SS and walk out of the main gate of the camp, the killings were discovered and the inmates ran for their lives under fire. About 300 out of the 600 Sonderkommando prisoners in the camp escaped into the forests. Most of them were recaptured by the search squads.
Sobibór was the site of one of two successful uprisings by Jewish Sonderkommando prisoners during Operation Reinhard. The revolt at Treblinka extermination camp on 2 August 1943 resulted in up to 100 lucky escapes.
In 1987, CBS aired a British made film titled, "Escape from Sobibor," a fictional account of the uprising.