The treaty settlement entailed the end of hostilities and the surrender of all Boer forces and their arms to the British, with the promise of eventual self-government to the Transvaal (South African Republic) and the Orange Free State as colonies of the British Empire. The Boer Republics agreed to come under the sovereignty of the British Crown and the British government agreed on various details including the following:
1. All Boer fighters of both republics had to give themselves up
2. All combatants would be disarmed
3. Everyone had to swear allegiance to the Crown
4. No death penalties would be dealt out
5. A general amnesty would apply
6. The use of Dutch would be allowed in the schools and law courts.
7. To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State self-government (civil government was granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).
8. To avoid discussing the native (Black) enfranchisement issue until self-government had been given.
9. To pay the Afrikaners £3,000,000 in reconstruction aid.
10. Property rights of Boers would be respected
11. No land taxes would be introduced
12. Registered private guns would be allowed
The Treaty of Vereenining is an example of post-conflict reconciliation between the British and Dutch South Africans, but also highlights the issue of "native enfranchisement" or the lack there of.